Customizing environment using 4.0.2CD

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Revision as of 18:54, 16 October 2008 by Clinton (Talk | contribs)

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These are the steps I use to customize my Knoppix 4.0.2 environment.

Persistent Disk Image (PDI)

A persistent disk image allows me to customize Knoppix without having to remaster the CD. With a generic Knoppix CD and a PDI, I can take my environment to just about any computer.

Create a persistent disk image either from the GUI or the command line

  • From within KDE
K > KNOPPIX > Configure > Create persistent KNOPPIX image
  • command line

I prefer an image size of 500 MB, which is just large enough for a significant amount of software updates yet small enough to fit on a USB thumb drive. I don't choose encryption, but that's a personal preference. Once you create the image, reboot and specify the image at the boot prompt. Assuming the knoppix.img is at /mnt/sda1/, then:

boot: knoppix home=/mnt/sda1/knoppix.img

Note: Specifying the home folder may not be necessary. Apparently, Knoppix scans for the knoppix.img even if one does not specify home=.

Installing Microsoft's True Type fonts

Installing Microsoft's True Type fonts using apt-get at the command line

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts

Change the fonts in KDE:

  • open "K > Control Center"
  • open "Appearance & Themes > Fonts"
  • click "Adjust All Fonts"
  • check "Font"
  • highlight "Bitstream Vera Sans"
  • click "OK"
  • click "Apply"
  • select "File > Quit"

Customizing the tool bar

Mozilla Firefox

Firefox uses the globe icon instead of the icon with the firefox. I like to change the icon to the Firefox icon.

  • right click the Firefox icon in the toolbar
  • click on Properties
  • click on the icon
  • in the search box, type "fire"
  • double-click on the FireFox icon
  • click OK

Customizing the K menu

Run KSysV as root

  • click on "K > System"
  • right-click on "KSysV (SysV-Init Editor)"
  • click on "Edit Item"
  • in the Command text field, add sudo to the front of the command
sudo ksysv -caption "%c" %i %m
  • uncheck "Run as different user"
  • click on "File > Save"
  • click on "File > Quit"

Changing the background image

Change the background image to Debian Blue:

  • open "K > Control Center"
  • open "Appearance & Themes > Background"
  • click the radio button "Picture"
  • choose "Debian Blue" from the drop-down menu
  • click "Apply"
  • select "File > Quit"

Changing the splash screen

Change the splash screen to "Redmond":

  • open "K > Control Center"
  • open "Appearance & Themes > Splash Screen"
  • click on Redmond
  • click "Apply"
  • select "File > Quit"

Setting up and starting services

Setting up webmin

# test
lynx -dump http://localhost:10000/
# install/setup
sudo -i
apt-get update
apt-get install webmin
rm /etc/rc?.d/*webmin
update-rc.d webmin start 30 2 3 4 5 . stop 70 0 1 6 .
/etc/init.d/webmin stop
/etc/init.d/webmin start
# test
lynx -dump http://localhost:10000/

Setting up the apache webserver

# test
lynx -dump http://localhost/
# install/setup
sudo -i
update-rc.d apache start 40 2 3 4 5 . stop 60 0 1 6 .
/etc/init.d/apache stop
/etc/init.d/apache start
# test
lynx -dump http://localhost/

setting up webmin-apache

apt-get update
apt-get install webmin-apache
# test connection to apache module and configure (I choose the defaults)
lynx https://localhost:10000/apache/index.cgi

Setting up the SSH server

# test
ssh knoppix@localhost
# install/setup
sudo -i
passwd knoppix
update-rc.d ssh start 35 2 3 4 5 . stop 65 0 1 6 .
perl -i -plne 's/(^PermitRootLogin) yes/$1 no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
/etc/init.d/ssh stop
/etc/init.d/ssh start
# test
ssh knoppix@localhost

setting up webmin-ssh

apt-get update
apt-get install webmin-sshd
# test connection to sshd module

Setting up the MySQL server

# test
mysql --no-defaults -h localhost -u root mysql -e 'status'
# install/setup
sudo -i
update-rc.d mysql start 35 2 3 4 5 . stop 65 0 1 6 .
perl -i -plne 's/(^old_pass)/# $1/' /etc/mysql/my.cnf 
/etc/init.d/mysql stop
/etc/init.d/mysql start
# test
mysql --no-defaults -h localhost -u root mysql -e 'status'

configuring MySQL root account

# set a root password
mysqladmin --no-defaults -h localhost -u root password 123456
# unset the root password
mysqladmin --no-defaults -h localhost -u root -p123456 password 

setting up webmin-mysql

apt-get update
apt-get install webmin-mysql
# test connection to MySQL module
lynx https://localhost:10000/mysql/index.cgi

Setting up Mediawiki

# test
lynx -dump http://localhost/mediawiki/
# install
apt-get update
apt-get install mediawiki
# enable index.php
perl -i -plne '$rep="\n\tDirectoryIndex index.html index.htm " .
    "index.shtml index.cgi index.php" ;
     s#(^.*/mediawiki/>)#$1$rep#' /etc/mediawiki/apache.conf
/etc/init.d/apache reload
# configure -- Fill in form
lynx http://localhost/mediawiki/
# If configuring worked, move the config files around 
( set -x
  mv /var/lib/mediawiki/config/LocalSettings.php /etc/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php &&
  chmod 600 /etc/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php &&
  rm -rf /var/lib/mediawiki/config/
/etc/init.d/apache reload