Customizing FAQ

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are the basic different options for customizing Knoppix?

The simplest, which you can do in all versions, is using cheat codes. At the boot prompt, you can specify a number of parameters, like language, keyboard, screen resolution, desktop environment. The cheat codes may differ between the releases, so check that you use the right ones. If you install Knoppix to read/write media (like USB sticks, external hard disks or flash cards), you may change the default boot parameters, so you don't have to enter them at every boot.

The next step is using persistent storage, which can be used for both programs, configuration data and personal files. With the default FAT32 file system used on flash memory, you can allocate volumes of up to 4GB each for such storage, as many as will fit on the store. Usually, just one volume is in use, and on booting from writable media, Knoppix will ask you if you want to create persistent storage, and how big you want it. You can also create this yourself, and if you want extra volumes, you must create them yourself. Typically, on a 16 GB stick you can have the DVD compressed Knoppix image plus 3 4GB volumes of own programs and data.

The third, and most difficult option is to remaster Knoppix. Which means that you create a new compressed image instead of the default. You may write it to CD/DVD, but you don't have to. Therefore, the new image could be anywhere between a few hundred MB and ca 4 GB. Because the image is compressed, you can store more than twice the amount of program files this way. Tyically 1.5-1.8 GB on a CD, and 8-9 GB on a DVD.

  1. I've read the HOWTO, but it doesn't tell how to customize the KDE desktop, panel, and startup programs. I've found that after I chroot, I can see my KDE changes in /ramdisk/home/knoppix/.kde/ and I copied those to /etc/skel/.kde/ and to /home/knoppix/.kde/ but they seem to be ignored. What do I need to do?


General Knoppix Remastering Howto / Knoppix Remastering Howto Deutsch

KNOPPIX CD-Customizer Script

Speed Optimization

The original Knoppix is speed optimized (you can think of it as "defragmenting for CD"). The most Remastering FAQs and scripts do NOT speed optimize the remaster. Therefore, the original Knoppix runs faster from the CD than most remasters!

See also:

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